Shoulder Replacement

Introduction

The shoulder is a ball and socket joint. The surfaces of the joint are covered by articular cartilage, which allows for smooth motion of the joint. When this cartilage wears away or is damaged by trauma, patients often experience worsening pain, stiffness, and weakness in the shoulder. Shoulder replacement is a common surgery where the goal is to relieve pain in the joint of the shoulder. Due to its success, as well as recent advances in technology, the number of shoulder replacements performed each year is approaching that of total knee and hip replacements. Conditions that require shoulder replacement are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, post- traumatic arthritis, rotator cuff tears, and certain fractures. When non-operative treatments fail to alleviate severe shoulder pain, and it is affecting activities of daily living, shoulder replacement is considered as a course of action to obtain relief.

 

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