Hip Replacement

Introduction

Your hip is made up of a ball-and-socket joint. The ball of your femur, called the femoral head, fits into the socket of the pelvis, called the acetabulum, and is kept in place by structures of cartilage. Hip replacement surgery is a procedure in which the femoral head and cartilage of the hip joint are removed and replaced by prosthetic components.

There are many conditions that can indicate the need for hip replacement surgery such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and avascular necrosis. In some cases, these conditions can cause severe pain that limits daily activity. Your doctor will perform a physical examination, and run imaging tests such as X-rays or MRIs to observe the state of the hip bones and joint.

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