Fractures, Sprains & Strains (Pediatric)

There are several instances of fractures, sprains and strains that occur in paediatrics. 

Introduction

Fractures of the upper extremities
There are many different types of fractures in the upper extremities - from the clavicle (collar bone) to the finger tips. X-rays will first be obtained to identify a broken bone and a physician will determine treatment based on the fracture pattern. 

Fractures of the lower extremities
There are various types of fractures that can occur anywhere from the pelvis to the toes. X-rays will first be obtained to diagnose a broken bone and a physician will determine treatment based on the fracture pattern. Some fractures allow for weight-bearing while others may necessitate non-weight bearing and the patient must use crutches or a wheelchair. 

Sports Injuries
Sprains and Strains are injuries to ligaments and muscle/tendons, respectively. These are common sports related injuries that affect the upper and/or lower extremities. X-rays are typically obtained to rule out a fracture; however an MRI is better for evaluating soft tissue injuries. 

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