Flat Foot

Introduction

Flat foot is a deformity that is the result of a failure of bones to separate during growth. This deformity is characterized when the arch within the foot is flat, causing the sole to have direct contact with the floor when standing. It is typically a genetic deformity but can be the result of an injury; in which case the tendon located in the ankle is either inflamed, overstretched or torn.

Flatfoot is generally a painless condition but can create problems in other areas of the foot. The ankle can protrude outward, misshaping the alignment of the legs. Flatfoot can cause foot pain either in the heel or the arch which worsens with escalated activity. Flatfoot is typical in infants or toddlers since their bodies are not yet fully developed however, arches can also fall over time due to years of basic wear and tear.

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