Cerebral Palsy

Introduction

Cerebral Palsy (CP) is the most common neuromuscular condition a pediatric orthopedist treats.  CP typically is the result of a single injury to the brain before, during, or after birth.  This brain injury causes impaired communication with the musculoskeletal system resulting in muscles of the lower, and sometimes also the upper, extremities become tighter (termed spastic) than usual.  This can lead to impaired development of bones and joints with growth.  The degree of involvement varies from severely involved quadriparetic patients with profound mental retardation to milder hemiplegic or diplegic patients who possess no impairment of intelligence and little impairment of ambulation.  

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