Ankle/Foot Deformity

The foot and ankle consist of thirty bones and one hundred ligaments, tendons, and muscles. They provide support and keep the body stable while allowing flexibility for the motion that is necessary for day to day living. The foot and ankle can have deformities – meaning they can take on an abnormal shape preventing them from being able to perform normally.


Deformities that affect the foot and ankle include flatfoot, cavus foot, ankle sprain, and tendonitis. The symptoms of these deformities tend to be similar because the bones, muscles, ligaments and tendons are dependent on one other and are located close together. Swelling, tingling, numbness, difficulty walking, increased pain when pressure is applied or misshape in structure are typical symptoms of foot and ankle deformities. Deformities can be complex to the extent where bone is lost around the ankle or short toes. 

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