Arthritis (Knee)

  • Introduction

  • Conservative Treatment

  • Surgical Treatment

In a healthy joint, bone ends are covered with a cushion of cartilage and the joint is protected by synovial fluid, a lubricant fluid in the joint. Arthritic joints are swollen, or inflamed, usually because the cartilage has been damaged or worn in some way. Individuals with arthritis typically suffer from stiffness, pain and swelling in the affected area or areas

The knee is the joint most commonly affected by osteoarthritis. A breakdown of cartilage causes the bones to rub against each other, which results in pain and loss of movement in the joint. It is this breakdown of the joint cartilage that can lead to joint pain, swelling and inflammation. Arthritis is diagnosed after an evaluation of the patient’s symptoms, a physical exam and one or more diagnostic imaging tests.

 

While most types of arthritis progress slowly, there are many treatment options that can minimize the effect of osteoarthritis on a patient's quality of life. Treatment typically involves a combination of anti-inflammatory medication and devices that relieve stress on the joint (such as canes, crutches or splints). Regular exercise, weight loss, and cortisone injections may also be helpful. Many patients benefit from viscosupplementation, an injection of a lubricant into the joint. 

Our Physicians whom specialize in conditions of the Knee

In severe cases, orthopedic surgery, such as joint replacement, may be the advised way to improve or restore function and relieve pain.

Our Physicians whom specialize in conditions of the Knee

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