Ankle/Foot Deformity

  • Introduction

  • Conservative Treatment

  • Surgical Treatment

The foot and ankle consist of thirty bones and one hundred ligaments, tendons, and muscles. They provide support and keep the body stable while allowing flexibility for the motion that is necessary for day to day living. The foot and ankle can have deformities – meaning they can take on an abnormal shape preventing them from being able to perform normally.

Deformities that affect the foot and ankle include flatfoot, cavus foot, ankle sprain, and tendonitis. The symptoms of these deformities tend to be similar because the bones, muscles, ligaments and tendons are dependent on one other and are located close together. Swelling, tingling, numbness, difficulty walking, increased pain when pressure is applied or misshape in structure are typical symptoms of foot and ankle deformities. Deformities can be complex to the extent where bone is lost around the ankle or short toes.

If the severity of the deformity is relatively minor, nonsurgical measures can be as simple as a change in shoes; allowing for an increase in stability, support, and comfort. Resting, icing, compression and elevation are other nonsurgical interventions that can reduce swelling. If needed, an injection of cortisone helps to reduce inflammation or irritation.

Our Physicians whom specialize in conditions of the foot and ankle

If the deformity extends beyond the aid of conservative measures, surgery is considered. In cases where there is bone loss or shortness of toes, procedures such as joint preservation, bone lengthening and ankle reconstruction are often the course of action. Deformities vary and depending on which area is affected and how severe the deformity is, determines which procedure will be applied.

Our Physicians whom specialize in conditions of the foot and ankle

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